- سبک زندگی, سلامت

فواید و اثرات باورنکردنی باغبانی برای درمان بیماری و آرامش روان!

ممکن است این گونه به نظر نرسد اما انجام فعالیت های باغبانی، چه کم و چه زیاد از مزایای بی شماری برای سلامت جسمی و روحی ما برخوردار است .باغبانی فعالیتی مثبت است که می ‎توانید در اوقات فراغت خود انجام دهید که علاوه بر سرگرم کردن شما، برای سلامتیتان نیز مفید است .

فواید باغبانی

رشد عزت نفس در خانه

ممکن است شما شخصی باشید که از اعتماد به نفس اندکی برخوردار است اما بعد از باغبانی کردن، فردی متفاوت را درون آینه خواهید دید؛ شخصی که توانایی پرورش دادن گیاهان و تبدیل آن ها به یک باغ بزرگ را دارد و می ‎تواند نقش موثری در جامعه ایفا کند. مطالعات نشان می ‎دهند افرادی که به انجام فعالیت های باغبانی می‎ پردازند در مقایسه با افراد دیگر از عزت نفس و اعتماد به نفس بالاتری برخوردارند. 

فواید باغبانی برای سلامت قلب

شما هنگام انجام فعالیت های باغبانی، کالری زیادی می ‎سوزانید و قلب خود را تقویت می ‎کنید . طبق مطالعات صورت گرفته، انجام فعالیت های باغبانی و همین طور انجام کارهای منزل به اندازه ورزش کردن در یک باشگاه، کالری می‎ سوزاند و باعث کاهش خطر بروز سکته های قلبی و مغزی در فرد می ‎شود.

 کالری باغبانی  

نقش باغبانی در کاهش استرس

مطالعات انجام شده در کشور هلند بر روی 2 گروه از افراد حاکی از آن است که باغبانی کردن به مدت 30 دقیقه باعث کاهش سطح هورمون کورتیزول در بدن افراد می ‎شود و هورمون کورتیزول منجر به ایجاد استرس در فرد می ‎شود . استرس یک خطر جدی برای سلامتی شما به حساب می ‎آید و بنابراین از این مزیت باغبانی بهره ببرید و بعد از اتمام یک روز کاری پر از استرس وارد باغ خود شوید و اجازه دهید که استرستان از بین برود. 

ایجاد احساس خوشبختی در فرد

مطالعات حاکی از آن است که استنشاق نوعی باکتری سالم که در خاک زندگی می ‎کند، می ‎تواند سطح سرتونین موجود در بدن را افزایش دهد و باعث از بین رفتن استرس و ایجاد احساس خوشبختی در فرد شود و فقط کافیست که در یک باغ قدم بزنید و نفس عمیق بکشید. 

داشتن خواب راحت تر

تحقیقات انجام شده در دانشگاه پنسیلوانیا نشان می ‎دهد که انجام فعالیت سبک باغبانی می ‎تواند در داشتن خواب راحت به شما کمک کند که خواب برای سلامتی بسیار حیاتی است و این فایده ای است که نباید از آن چشم پوشی کنید .

فواید باغبانی  

افزایش قدرت دستان

انجام حفاری بر روی خاک، کاشت و انجام دیگر فعالیت های باغبانی باعث افزایش قدرت دستان شما می ‎شود و بنابراین باغبانی کردن روشی عالی برای تقویت قدرت دستان و انگشتان شما است. 

فواید باغبانی برای سلامت خانواده

باغبانی می ‎تواند یک فعالیت انفرادی و یا فرصتی برای پیوند با خانواده و دوستان باشد . تسکین استرس و ایجاد خوشبختی ناشی از انجام باغبانی چیز خوبی برای به اشتراک گذاشتن با عزیزان است و همچنین، باغبانی مزایای فراوانی برای کودکان دارد که می ‎توان به کاهش آلرژی به بیماری های خود ایمنی اشاره کرد. 

فواید باغبانی برای کاهش هزینه ها ی منزل

ممکن است باغبانی در برخی موارد فعالیتی هزینه بر باشد اما با انجام درست آن و کاشت بسیاری از سبزیجات گران قیمت، قادر به صرفه جویی زیادی در هزینه های خود برای خرید انواع مختلف سبزیجات و یا میوه ها خواهید بود . برای شروع فعالیت باغبانی خود، می ‎توانید به جای کاشت بذر به کاشت گیاهانی که رشد اندکی داشته اند و کمی از مرحله ی رشد را سپری کرده اند بپردازید.

تاثیرات باغبانی  

باغبانی کالری زیاد می ‎سوزاند

خبر خوب برای افرادی که از اضافه وزن رنج می ‎برند این است که باغبانی یک ورزش با شدت متوسط محسوب می ‎شود و با توجه به گفته های مرکز کنترل و پیشگیری از بیماری ها با انجام 1 ساعت فعالیت باغبانی ‎سبک درروز، قادر به سوزاندن 330 کالری خواهید بود .

برای مثال در یک آزمایش صورت گرفته بر روی دو گروه از افراد، آن هایی که در یک فعالیت جامع باغبانی شرکت کرده بودند از میزان توده چربی کمتری به نسبت گروهی که به فعالیت باغبانی نپرداخته بودند، برخوردار بودند. چاقی خطری جدی برای سلامتی است و باغبانی تاثیر فوق العاده ای در کاهش وزن  دارد. 

کاهش فشار خون

براساس گفته های موسسه ملی قلب انجام روازنه 30 تا 45 دقیقه فعالیت باغبانی سبک ، باعث بهبود چشمگیر وضعیت فشار خون، قلب و ریه ها خواهد شد. 

بهبود وضعیت استخوان ها

هنگامی که در بیرون از منزل خود به سر می ‎برید و پوست شما در معرض آفتاب قرار دارد، بدن تان وادار به تولید ویتامین دی می ‎شود و این ویتامین که در ماهی ها و غذا های غنی شده مانند شیر نیز وجود دارد، یک ماده معدنی ضروری برای بدن به حساب می ‎آید و به بدن شما در جذب بهتر کلسیم کمک می ‎کند.

وضعیت استخوان در باغبانی  

سلامت مغز و کاهش خطر ابتلا به آلزایمر

همانطور که در نمناک گفته ایم دانشمندان بر اساس مطالعه ای طولانی مدت که حدود 16 سال به طول انجامید و بر روی حدود 3000 سالمند پیر و تاثیر بیماری هایی نظیر زوال عقل بر روی آن ها انجام شد، دریافتند که انجام روزانه فعالیت های باغبانی خطر ابتلا به بیماری زوال عقل را تا 36% کاهش می ‎دهد.

باغبانی شامل فعالیت هایی است که بسیاری از توانایی های ما مانند قدرت بدنی، استقامت، مهارت، یادگیری، حل مسئله و … را به چالش می ‎کشد و از مزایای بسیاری از جمله تقویت عملکرد مغز برخوردار است. 

بهبود سیستم ایمنی بدن

نوعی باکتری خاص به نام مایکوباکتریوم و مایکروباکتریوم در خاک وجود دارد که از راه استنشاق خاک و همچنین خوردن سبزیجات جذب بدن می ‎شوند که این باکتری ها سبب کاهش علائم آلرژی و آسم، بهبود وضعیت سیستم ایمنی بدن و همچنین کاهش بروز علائم افسردگی در فرد خواهد شد . این باکتری همچنین از طریق ورود خاک به زیر ناخن های فرد نیز جذب بدن او می ‎شوند و از بروز بسیاری از عفونت ها و التهابات در بدن جلوگیری می ‎کنند.

تغذیه روح

فعالیت های باغبانی باعث تحریک احساسات مثبت در فرد شده و سلامت روانی افراد را تقویت می ‎کند. به گفته محققان ناسا سروکار داشتن فضانوردان با گل و گیاه باعث به وجود آمدن احساسات مثبت و شادی در آن ها می‎شود. 

کمک به محیط زیست

هنگامی که صحبت از کمک به محیط زیست به میان می‎آید، استفاده از وسایل نقلیه عمومی ، بازیافت کردن، اتوموبیل های هیبریدی و بسیاری چیز های دیگر به ذهنمان خطور می ‎کند اما آیا از تاثیر باغ ها ، جنگل ها و فضا های سبز بر محیط زیست باخبر هستید ؟ طبق گزارش منتشر شده توسط فدراسیون ملی حیات وحش :فضا های سبز نقش بسیار مهمی در کاهش گازهای گلخانه ای، کاهش نیاز شما به خرید بسیاری از چیز ها و امکان بازیافت بسیاری از زباله های آشپزخانه را دارد.

 

 

منبع:نمناک

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